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Single Channel vs. Dual Channel vs. Quad Channel Memory

Single Channel vs Dual Channel vs Quad ChannelOne common question that first-time builders and gamers have when they are choosing their memory is whether or not they should get a single stick of RAM or two sticks of RAM that equal the same capacity as the single stick.

Most people will say that it is better to get two sticks of RAM so that you can utilize the “advantages” of dual channel memory. But is that true? What about in gaming? And, how big is the performance difference? What about quad channel configurations?

We’ve benchmarked a handful of games in dual and single memory configurations and in this article, we’re going to answer those questions so that you have a better idea on whether or not you configure your RAM in single or dual channel memory.

What Does Quad, Dual, and Single Channel Even Mean?

Essentially, if you run one stick of RAM in your computer, it will be running in a single channel configuration. If you run two sticks of RAM, they will be running in dual channel configuration. And, if you run four sticks of memory, they could be running in quad channel configuration, depending on whether or not you have a CPU/motherboard combination that supports quad channel memory.

You can run three sticks of memory, but there aren’t a lot of motherboards that use triple channel configurations. So, in most cases, installing three sticks of RAM would be utilizing two of the sticks in dual channel mode and one of the sticks in single channel mode.

The advantages of running two or four lower capacity memory sticks in dual or quad channel configuration (again, not all CPU/motherboards support quad channel memory) is that they will provide the same capacity as a larger single stick of memory, while at the same time doubling and quadrupling the amount of memory bandwidth that is available.

When you add the second (and fourth) stick of RAM, you are adding a parallel channel that can be accessed simultaneously with the first stick of RAM. The common conception is that by doubling or quadrupling the available memory bandwidth, dual and quad channel configurations will make your system perform better.

Is that true, though?

Single Channel vs Dual Channel Memory: Not That Big of a Difference for Gamers?

We took two kits of DDR4 3200MHz RAM and tested them in pretty much every common memory configuration available. One of the kits was a 4x4GB kit and the other was a 4x8GB kit.

That allowed us to test the following channel configurations:

  • 8GB Single Channel and 8GB Dual Channel
  • 16GB Dual Channel (w/two sticks) and 16GB Dual Channel (with four sticks)

We benchmarked these different configurations in five different games: Dirt 4, PUBG, Middle Earth: Shadow of War, GTA V, and Battlefront II. Our test system used an i7-8700K, a GTX 1070, and a 1920×1200 monitor.

Our results are below.

*NOTE: In our test, we originally made the error of thinking that we were running our 4x8GB configuration in quad-channel configuration. However, as pointed out by Xenotester in the comment section, the Intel Core i7-8700K does not support quad-channel memory, but, rather, is limited to dual channel configurations. Because of this, the results below do not portray an accurate view of the difference between quad-channel and dual-channel memory performance in gaming. So, when looking at these benchmarks, the only real takeaway comes from A) the single channel vs. dual channel performance, and B) the difference between running four sticks of RAM in dual channel and running two sticks of RAM that equal the same capacity in dual channel.

GTAV - Single vs Dual vs Quad Channel Memory

Battlefront II - Single vs Dual vs Quad Channel Memory

Dirt 4 - Single vs Dual vs Quad Channel Memory

PUBG - Single vs Dual vs Quad Channel Memory

SoW - Single vs Dual vs Quad Channel Memory

Test Results & What They Mean

Across all five games, there was no significant difference between how single and dual channel memory performed. Again, we errored in our belief that running four sticks of RAM on a Z370 motherboard would be utilizing a quad channel configuration. So, the 16GB quad vs 16GB dual results shouldn’t mean anything other than that running four sticks of 4GB of RAM in dual channel configuration didn’t really offer any performance boost over running two sticks of 8GB of RAM in dual channel configuration and vice versa.

The only metric that really varied that isn’t shown in this graph, is that on the single channel memory configuration, the CPU usage was anywhere from 10-25% higher than on the dual channel configurations. So, I think what happens is that in dual and quad channel configurations, the extra available memory bus takes a bit of the workload off of the CPU. I could be wrong about that, but at first glance, that seems to be what is happening.

So, you could theorize that with a budget-friendly processor, there is the potential for a noticeable performance drop in single channel versus dual or quad channel configurations, but even then, my guess would be that it would also be minimal.

While I’ll admit that my test methodology wasn’t the strictest and perhaps it would make more sense to run the same tests with a more budget-oriented gaming PC, I think in the grand scheme of things this points to the fact that dual channel configurations don’t offer that significant of a difference over single channel configurations—at least in gaming performance.

So, Should I Just Stick to Single Channel Memory Then?

The tests above show that, for gaming, there isn’t any kind of noticeable difference between running your memory in single and dual channel memory configurations.

This, of course, doesn’t mean that dual channel configurations shouldn’t be considered. There are cases where it will make sense to utilize dual channel configurations:

1. You Might Find Dual Kits to Be Less Expensive

In some cases, especially during sales, you may be able to find a dual kit of RAM at a lower cost than a single stick of RAM. Typically, single sticks of RAM are less expensive than dual kits. However, in the world of PC hardware, there are hundreds of sales every day on the various components from the multitudes of brands and manufacturers.

So, if you can grab a dual kit of RAM for less money than a single stick of RAM (all other factors equal), then do it.

Another point to consider, though, is how many slots your motherboard has and how much RAM you can afford right now. If you can only afford 8GB of RAM right now and a motherboard with only two DIMM slots, it might make more sense to go with a single 8GB stick of RAM rather than dual 4GB sticks of RAM.

The reason is that, if you ever wanted to upgrade to 16GB of RAM, all you’d have to do is purchase another 8GB stick of RAM. If you would have chosen dual 4GB sticks of RAM, you’d have to get rid of both of those sticks and buy an entirely new 16GB kit.

2. Dual Channels for Aesthetic Purposes

The other reason to choose a dual or quad kit over a single stick of RAM is for aesthetic purposes. A single stick of RAM on a motherboard with four DIMM slots won’t look as clean as if you were to use two sticks of RAM—or, better yet, four sticks of RAM.

So, if the price difference between a single stick of RAM and a dual kit (or quad kit) of the same capacity is minimal and you are taking the aesthetics of your build into consideration, then you might want to try and fill up your DIMM slots.

3. Dual Channel Beats Single Channel in Professional Applications?

This is a test for another day, but of the benchmarks I’ve seen where single channel memory is stacked up against dual channel memory configurations in professional applications (editing, design, CPU-laden tasks, etc.), there is a bit more of a difference in performance between the channel configurations.

So, if you will be using your computer for any of those kinds of tasks, going with a multi-channel memory configuration might give you a boost in performance.

For Gaming, Single and Dual Channel Aren’t That Different

Overall, if your main concern is gaming performance, the reality is that there isn’t that big of a difference between single and dual channel memory configurations.

There are other reasons to choose dual or quad kits of RAM, though, as outlined above. But, for pure gaming performance, the dual and quad channel configurations seem to offer no significant advantage over single channel configurations.

Hey, I’m Brent. I’ve been building computers and writing about building computers for a long time. I’m an avid gamer and tech enthusiast, too. On YouTube, I build PCs, review laptops, components, and peripherals, and hold giveaways.

31 thoughts on “Single Channel vs. Dual Channel vs. Quad Channel Memory”

  1. I just bought a ASUS ROG GA401Q gaming laptop, if you want dual channel you have to be content with the 8 gig soldered+8 gig socketed that comes with it. If you want more RAM you have to be content with single channel up to a sanctioned max of 24 gig or the real world 40 gig that people have working with stability. The Cpu on this little monster is a Ryzen 9, I very much doubt that too much that I can throw at it is going to stress that cpu at the moment. Like you, I believe that most of us can’t detect the difference in single v dual channel RAM in normal use. Somehow I think the only folks that might consciously note the difference are doing something insanely intensive like CAD not the gamers playing black desert online etc.

  2. I have a PC with four RAM slots, with two occupied by 8 Gb RAM each, DDR4, configured in dual channel, total 16 Gb RAM.
    I want to buy another dual channel kit, 8+8 Gb, to upgrade to 32 Gb.
    The working mode will automatically switch to quad channel kit ?
    Thank you

    • check your motherboard specifications, quad channel has to be supported by the motherboard. You may also have to purchase four of the same chips to get them working in quad channel as well.

  3. I’ve been building and repairing PCs since 1988.

    You can’t always bench test everything.

    With fewer channels, the CPU does work looking for data in the memory. You might not get the benefit of faster RAM access speeds, but you will see an increase in CPU performance *in the real world*. The CPU can be pushed to its limit for very short periods of time and dual and quad channel will make a difference. A quad channel PC may “feel” snappier without seeing any benefits in benchmarks.

    I’ve currently got a Threadripper. I use it for multitasking, office tasks, photo editing, some video editing etc. I recently added another two sticks of 16GB RAM to bring the memory config up to 64GB in quad channel. Bench tests showed no difference in performance but the PC is definitely snappier. One thing I did notice straight away was that in CPU intensive tasks (including one game) that used to max out all 32 threads constantly now runs at between 40% and 60% depending on the task, I haven’t tried it with SMT turned off, but I’ve seen enough to conclude that increasing the number of channels makes a substantial difference to how PCs perform … even if it’s not reflected in benchmarks that are currently in use.

  4. Why is single channel good enough? Since when did performance improve on CPU memory controllers to achieve 12 gb’s per second of memory bandwidth for single channel in my sisoft Sandra memory bandwidth test ?

    In games on my laptop I get high frame rates with good settings on single channel ram in my Lenovo Legion y520 laptop. It has a Intel i7-7700hq seems to me the memory controller in the CPU is how single channel ram is good enough for games.


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